Top 10 Features of Female Horses that will amaze you
Horses are considered as one of the most elegant and attractive animals ever existed on earth. From the medieval era when the warriors had to shine their manhood to present where people made tons of money in quite a classy style, horses have always been their companion. Be it for long travel or carrying tons of loads, horses are very much useful and friendly animals that have served human beings for a long time.Their ability to use speed to fight or flight predators is one of the most amazing qualities, next amazing is that horses are able to sleep with both standing up and lying down. So no doubt, from wars to races, for victory to wealth, there has been no other better animal than horses for men.
Well, those were just some little trivia about horses. Of Course, this long lived and loved creature has much more amazing qualities that never cease to impress human beings and make humans brood over the beauty of horses. Precisely, we will talk about Mares, female horses here. So let’s extend our knowledge level with some doses of information about Female horses.
Filly,a young female horse is sexually immature
The female horse below three years and that is too young to be called mare is called Filly. However in most of the cases, horses below four are also called Fillies whereas specifically in nations like United States or United Kingdom, the nations known much for horse racing, Fillies are horses below five as well. Technically, the horses that are sexually immature and in verse of growing are called Fillies. Fillies get sexually mature when they are two sometimes, but they are considered safe enough to breed until they grow fully mature.
Mare, a mature female horse competes with male horses in horse-racing
A Filly grows up to be a Mare after three or four years. Mares are adult horses usually ready for breeding. Mares are also considered very good for racing and while there are Mares races separately, sometimes they compete with male horses as well. Mares are considered easy to train and handle rather than the male horses.
Female horses are loving mothers too
Mares are loving mothers. They carry their young ones’ foals for approximately 11 months (320 to 370 days in average) from time of conception to birth. A domesticated mare nurses the foal for at least four to six months before it is weaned, though mares in the wild may allow a foal to nurse for up to a year.
Female horses aren’t sexually receptive in Winter
Now this one is really interesting. Mares have the estrous cycle, also known as “season” or “heat” of a mare occurs roughly every 19–22 days which usually occurs early spring into autumn. As the days shorten, most mares enter an anestrus period period during the winter and thus do not cycle in this period. The reproduction of Mares depends on the length of the day. Anestrous period is when Mares are not sexually receptive due to short day and cold weather and as a result, Mares generally conceive during summer. Nursing a foal during winter is very difficult and that’s why Mares go on Anestrous period. How wonderful is nature!
Official Happy birthday of Foals
Usually, foals are given an official “birthday” of January 1 whereas August 1 in the Southern hemisphere, and many breeders want foals to be born as early in the year as possible. So, to help Mares breed even in winter, breeding farms arrange sitting of Mares “under lights” in late winter. This helps to bring them out of anestrous and conceive in February or March. This is sad how human beings want to change the natural process for their convenience; however, this is a sort of a “general rule” here.
The cranky “season” for Mares
Of Course, Females and their cranky seasons, amazing how that can relate to every female form of creature.Mares also have a notorious,often stated being “Marish,” meaning that they can be cranky or unwilling when they come into season. But it is widely observed the reason for such “Marish” behavior is mostly when human beings expect or allow them to misbehave.
The emotional sides of a Mare
It is very moving to know especially for someone new to the world of horses that generally they are quite attuned to the emotional state of their riders. So, any sort of expectations by a rider of difficult manners during their season or estrus can create a self-fulfilling prophecy and a cranky mare. However, proper training helps to minimize the hormonal crankiness. At times mares are placed on hormone therapies, such as the drug Regumate, to help control hormonally based behavior all for the competitive purpose.
Mares are amazing leaders as well
Mare owners claim that mares are more intelligent and courageous who work harder for their owners. There are many stories and legends about the loyalty of a mare to her rider. Studies show that Mares are much relaxed and take-it-easy kind of leaders who let their herd remain in rest for longer periods. Doesn’t mean they aren’t great leaders, they are amazing. In wild herds, a “boss mare” or “lead mare” leads the band to grazing, to water, and away from danger. She eats and drinks first, decides when the herd will move and to where. The herd stallion usually brings up the rear and acts as a defender of the herd against predators and other stallions.
Mares were less preferred in the historical times
Looking back at the history, Mare’s were said to be less preferred because of various reasons. Of them would be because they were difficult to manage than stallions, were better for ordinary works, quitter and not so aggressive for any fighting purpose, also because of their hormonal crankiness and seasons and problems during pregnancy and lactation.However, he Bedouin nomads of the Arabian peninsula preferred mares on their raids, because stallions would nicker to the opposing camps’ horses, whereas mares would be quiet. After the invention of Castration which means surgical remove of sexual organs, Mare’s were preferred more widely.
Lastly, the etymology of Mare
The word mare, meaning “female horse”, took several forms prior to A.D. 900 In Old English the form was mere or mȳre, the feminine forms for Mearh (horse). The Old German form of the word was Mähre. Similarly, in Irish and Gaelic, the word was marc, in Welsh,march, in Cornish “Margh”, and in Breton marc’h. The word is “said to be of Gaulish origin.” The word has no known cognates beyond Germanic and Celtic.