Top 10 interesting facts about Nepali Flags
A flag is the symbol of nationality, national unity, and pride of a nation. Almost all of them are rectangular or square. The flag of Nepal, however, is of unique appearance. This is particularly because of its shape and the symbols used.
Nepal is formally called the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. It is a land locked nation in South Asia. It is situated in the Himalayan region and at its northern flank is the People’s Republic of China, and at its southern, eastern, and western borders is India. Its capital city is Kathmandu. The most prominent geographical aspect of the country is its mountain regions in the northern part including the eight highest peaks in the world, Mount Everest which is 20,000 feet above sea level and comprises of 240 peaks.
Most National Flags might appear similar, rectangular in shape with some basic symbolism about the origin and identity of the country, but the Nepalese Flag stands out in the crowd. Here are some interesting facts about the Nepali Flag:
World’s only non-rectangular National Flag:
The flag of Nepal is the only national flag in the world that is not rectangular. The flag is a simplified combination of two single pennants.The flag of Nepal is known as the only flag in the world that is not quadrilateral in shape. The flag is a blend of two single flags or pennons. It is like two triangles combined, the upper triangle is a ninety-degree triangle with its longer side at the bottom while the other triangular shape is placed at the lower portion with the shorter side at its bottom. The creator of the Nepali Flag is still unknown but the flag is supposed to have existed a long time ago. There were many different interpretations of the flag and it changed along with time. The triangular flags are a common sight around the South Asian territory. Most temples around here still have triangular flags. The rectangular flags got famous as the Europeans who had the first rectangular flags started colonizing the world and every country started copying it, except Nepal. It stuck to its traditional flag and now is the only flag to be recognized as a non-rectangular flag in the world.
Origin of The Nepali Flag:
Though the creator of the flag is unknown. The flag’s origin is believed to be fully religious and is believed to have a Vedic or ancient significance. It is not the outcome of any political movement. In fact, the triangular flag is the archaeological heritage of the Aryans. It has a very important place in Eastern culture and civilization. The triangular flag, or Dhoja, can be seen in temples, where it is worshipped. The flag is actually a symbol of extreme faith.
Symbolism of the Triangular shape:
Though there are many interpretations of the meaning of the shape, the two triangles symbolize the Himalaya Mountains. They are also understood to represent the two major religions of Nepal, Hinduism and Buddhism.
Symbolism of the colours in the Nepali Flag:
Its crimson red is the colour of the rhododendron, the country’s national flower. Red is also the sign of victory in war. The blue border is the colour of peace. The combination of the two colours represent that the Nepalese people have been living in peace and harmony for centuries but if be the need, they are brave and can be ferocious if someone tries to wage war against them. The colours used in the flag also have religious and emotional significance. Red symbolizes closeness and blue symbolizes distance, whereas white symbolizes neutrality. Red is related to fire and blood, and blue is related to the vast sky and deep sea. Red is the symbol of extreme heat; blue is the symbol of extreme cold. It seems quite meaningful that the sun, the moon, and the blue and red colours are used together. Red symbolizes bravery. It shows that the Nepalese are brave by birth. It is even the symbol of good luck in Hinduism. Blue symbolizes knowledge, wisdom, honesty, tranquillity, and peace.
Symbolism of the heavenly bodies in the Nepali Flag:
Above the crescent moon in the top triangle are eight small triangles in what looks like a smaller version of the sun partially eclipsed by the moon. The moon has been used as the symbol of Elixir and is believed to give eternal life. Every religious ritual is done according to the waxing and waning of the moon. The moon even reflects the peaceful and friendly attitude of the Nepali people.
The sun in the lower part has 12 triangles altogether. The sun is the heavenly symbol of fire. It is even the symbol of life because it provides the heat necessary for living beings. It soaks up the water and gives it back in the form of rain, making food production possible on earth. According to the Hindu religion, Sun is one of the Dev or Gods among five Gods or the Panchadev (“pancha” means five and “dev” means god). The history of the worship of the sun is connected with ancient Vedic rituals. Even the 12 signs of the zodiac and the 12 months are related to the movement of the sun.The sun is taken as the head of the planets and a symbol of the soul. Similarly, the moon is taken as the head of the asteroids and a symbol of the heart. The sun even symbolizes eternal light.
Changes in the Flag throughout history:
Until 1962, the flag’s emblems, the sun and the crescent moon, had human faces. They were removed to modernize the flag.
The flag was adopted, with the formation of a new constitutional government, on December 16, 1962. The individual pennants had been used for the preceding two centuries and the double pennant since the 19th century. The faces remained on the sun and the moon on the Royal Standard until the abolition of the monarchy in 2008.The flag borrows the basic design from the original design, which has been in use for more than 2,000 years.
The Nepali Flag is considered the most mathematical Flag in existence:
What are the perks of being the only non-rectangular national flag in the world? It’s rather hard to draw with all its symbols in a double triangular shape. The Nepali Flag is considered to be the most mathematical Flag. As a famous YouTube Channel Numberphile demonstrated, you have to be very good at geometry to draw the National Flag correctly as mentioned by the Nepalese Constitution.
World Record for the Largest Human Flag:
Over 35,000 Nepalese People gathered to form the world record for the largest human flag and was approved by the Guinness Book of World Records on August. The previous record for the largest human national flag stood at 28,957 participants and was set just six months ago at the National Hockey Stadium in Lahore, Pakistan. The record stood till December before it was broken by an attempt in India.
The fixed instructions to be followed to draw the Nepali Flag:
There is a fixed set of instructions to be followed while drawing the National Flag which is written in the constitution in Nepal. Since, flag is unusual than other flags and has different shapes and sizes to be made specifically according to the design, the mathematical instructions have been made and amended in the constitution of Nepal. There is a precise description of the Nepalese national flag in the Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, Article 5, Schedule 1, adopted 9 November 1990.
Other common yet unproved interpretations of the Symbolism in Nepali Flags:
Initially the sun and moon in the National flag of Nepal had human faces, but they were removed when the flag was updated in 1962. The flag is said to express the hope that Nepal will endure as long as the sun and the moon exist. The present National Flag of Nepal was adopted on December 16, 1962. The flag of Nepal is the only national flag which is not rectangular in shape. It is based upon two separate pennants which belonged to rival branches of the Rana dynasty, which formerly ruled the country. The two pennants were first joined in the last century, but it was not adopted as the official flag until 1962, the year in which the constitutional form of government was established in Nepal